1. Bouddhanath Monastery
Bouddhanath Monastery, Nepal’s largest monastery located east of Kathmandu. It is one of the most important pilgrimage sites in the world. Boudhanath Stupa is one of Nepal’s most holy sites for the Buddhist faith. The atmosphere of the whole place lightens up with zest as the fragrance of incense drifts through the air. This Stupa, a well-known Buddhist pilgrimage site, is included in the World Heritage Cultural site list by UNESCO. After the Chinese invasion in 1959, Tibetans in thousands came to this famous Buddhist Chaitya and energized the Stupa. In the Tibetan New Year, the most popular festival Lhosar celebrated here every February.
2. Swoyambhunath Monastery
Swayambhunath Monastery is a traditional Buddhist shrine that sits on a hilltop of the Kathmandu valley. It is regarded as one of the oldest Monastery in the world. The word Swayambhunath means “the self-existent” in English. It is a prominent pilgrimage place for many Buddhists and Hindus around the world. The temple is also known as the monkey temple, the large tribe of monkeys can be seen every time. Swayambhunath Monastery is complete with Buddha eyes looking out across the valley, an iconic symbol. This Swayambhunath monastery offers an opportunity to study the religious harmony. It is the most ancient and enigmatic of all the holy shrines in Kathmandu Valley.
3. Kopan Monastery
Kopan the Tibetan Buddhist monastery situated on the hillock behind the Bouddhanath Stupa. Located at the top of Kopan Hill, the Kopan Monastery, and Tibetan Buddhist home with over 300 monks. Dominated by a magnificent Bodhi tree, it was once the home of the astrologer to the king of Nepal. The Kopan Monastery also offers a panoramic view of the town of Boudha below and the spectacular Himalayan mountain range. More than hundreds of visitors come to visit here yearly from around the world.
4. Namoduddha Monastery
Namo Buddha a magnificent Buddhist monastery lies 38 km east of Kathmandu with 1,750 meters. Namo Buddha is one of the most important pilgrim sites in the valley, particularly for Tibetan Buddhists. In one of his previous lives as a prince, it was here that the Buddha gave up his body out of compassion for a starving tigress and her cubs. It has a fantastic story concerned with the Buddha which is commemorated by an ancient stone slab and a Stupa with the all-seeing eyes of Lord Buddha. This holy land is very relaxing and comfortable places. Namo Buddha temple is designed by Thrangu Rinpoche as a representation of the three yana or path; it is beautiful, elegant and filled with symbolic meaning as befits this holy Buddhist pilgrimage place.
5. Lumbini Monastery
Lumbini, the birthplace of Lord Buddha is one of the most popular holiest pilgrimage places in the world. Lumbini is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is one of the four significant Buddhist sacred places commemorating the most significant events in the Buddha’s life. Each reflects the unique interpretation of Buddhism of its home nation, and together the monasteries create a fascinating map of world Buddhist philosophy. Attractive part of Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi. This temple, dedicated to the mother of Lord Buddha- Maya Devi, was excavated a few years ago. The main attraction of Lumbini remains the Sacred Mayadevi Temple, Ashoka Pillar, sacred pond, China Temple, etc. The shrines and monasteries built by different countries and in different times reflect the architectural traditions of the respective states and thus giving Lumbini an international feel with a message of universal friendship and brotherhood.