Himalayan is the highest mountain and considered as ‘freshwater reserves’ in the form of glacier, ice and snow which face extensive effects of climate change. Tallest mountains of the worlds are some of the most majestic and beautiful things that one can be blessed enough to witness in their lifetime. Mountains are a very beautiful and physical dream of the land. Nepal has 8 out of 10 highest peaks in the world including Mt. Everest.
1. Mount Everest (8848m), Nepal
Mt Everest is highest peak of the world, located in a Northeastern part of Nepal. The elevation of Highest Peak Mount Everest has 8848m above the sea-level. Mount Everest is
called “Sagarmatha” in Nepali or Chomolungma in Tibetan. Mt Everest got its name after a survey by the Land Surveyor General ’Sir George Everest’ that first tried to locate the exact position of the peak. Tenzing Norgay Sherpa and Edmund Hillary became the first ever people on earth to climb Mount Everest in May 1953.
2. Mount K2 (8611m), Pakistan
Mount K2 is the world’s second highest mountain (8611m) after Mount Everest. It is situated on the border of China and Pakistan. The name K2 stands for the 2nd peak in the Karakoram Range. Climbing to K2 is a very difficult task, but still, about 250 climbers have successfully reached the top of K2. A huge ice pyramid stands away from all the rest of the peaks of K2. Italian expedition was Tech became the first to climb Mount K2 in 1954
3. Mount Kanchenjunga (8586m), Nepal/India
Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world, height with 8586 meters. It is located in both parts, Nepal and India. Kanchenjunga is also known as “The Five Treasures of Snows” because it is blessed with five treasures of God that are gold, silver, gems, grains and holy books. Joe Brown and George Band successful climbed it as first people of the world in 1955.
4. Mount Lhotse (8511m), Nepal
Mount Lhotse is a fourth highest mountain in the world. Its height is 8511 meters. Mount Lhotse is connected to Mount Everest. It is extremely dangerous and dramatic rocky route. Lhotse is located on the border of Nepal and Tibet. It is also known as one of the most deadly mountains in the world, because of many failed attempts and fatalities while trying to climb. Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger successful climbed this peak in 1956.
5. Mount Makalu (8462m), Nepal
Mount Makalu is the fifth highest mountain on the earth, with an elevation of 8463 meters. Mount Makalu has very sharp edges and steep pitches, making it quite tough to climb. Makalu is an isolated peak whose shape is a four-sided pyramid. Lionel Terray and Jean Couzy successful climbed this peak in 1955, as first people on the earth to climb it.
6. Mount Cho Oyu (8201m), Nepal
Mount Cho Oyu is located in Himalaya range and in Nepal, a sixth highest mountain in the world. Its height is 8201m meters. It is one of the easiest mountains to climb. H. Tichy, S. Jochler, Pasang Lama was the first men who reached on Cho Oyu in October 1954. Cho Oyu is also known as the “Turquoise Goddess” in Tibetan.
7. Mount Dhaulagiri (8167m), Nepal
Mount Dhaulagiri is the seventh highest mountain in the world, located in the north of central Nepal. The elevation of this Peak is 8167 meters. Dhaulagiri has become the pivot point of the tourists and climbers. The name Dhaulagiri means “White Mountain”. Dhaulagiri also called the White Mountains for being one of the eight thousand lists. K. Diemberger, P. Diener, Nyima Dorji, Nawang Dorji have climbed it in May 1960.
8. Mount Manaslu (8163m), Nepal
Mount Manaslu is an eighth highest mountain in the world, located in Nepal Himalaya with an elevation of 8163 meters. Surrounding by rock hard ice which covers a large area at the bottom of the mountain is one of the most interesting things to see. The meaning of the Manaslu is “Mountain of the Spirit”. T. Imanishi from Japan became the 1st ever person to climb Manaslu in 1956.
9. Nanga Parbat (8125m), Pakistan
Nanga Parbat is the world’s ninth tallest mountain in the world. It is located on south side of Indus River in Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. Nanga Parbat means “Naked Mountain”. The elevation of this Peak is 8125 meters. It is also known as the Killer Mountain because lots of climbers died in the first half of the twentieth century. Hermann Bahl from Australia was the first one to ever climb Nanga Parbat in 1953.
10. Mount Annapurna (8091m), Nepal
Mount Annapurna is a tenth highest mountain of the earth, located in central Nepal with an elevation of 8091 meters. Annapurna is a Sanskrit name which refers as Goddess of the Harvests. This Annapurna peak which is the world’s most dangerous to climb. Annapurna conservation area is first and largest conservation area of Nepal with 7,629 sq. km. M. Herzog and L.Lachenal from France reaches on this mountain on 3 June 1950 as the first climber.